Day 1 - 5 Question 1 feedback from break-out groups – Group leads/ Gráinne - Video

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OPAL
3 November 2010

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OPAL
9:51am 9 November 2010


Q1, Group 1, Room 15: Ulf: first of all find some common understanding.
Dialectical point – what are not the possibilities (Tim) – what can’t we do with it? 
-       OER cannot substitute educators / support;
-       OER cannot substitute 'regular' certification in education in the meaning of e.g., the pilots cannot fully be educated by OER;
-       OER cannot educate people, it’s just a resource. Experiences are needed and self reflection (Ulf); 

Focus on ressources, much more openness should be in the focus. Definition of openness needed? What is an OEP? What ist he opposite?

Benefit - OER can create new networks of people through the resource – e.g. the contact happens through the exchange of an artifact, the artifact as a bridge to the creator of the contact. (practice here would be  contacting the creator and exchanging views/materials/creating new resources). What makes an OER valuable is not the resource itself but the environmental landscape. OER as a motivator to build uop human relationships.

All you pay for, when you cvisit a university is having access to professors and getting a certificate in the end of the education

Context - Context is an important issue ... HE (universities, academies, ...), AE (professional trainings, adult learning centers, ...) – maybe this is too broad and not considering specific contexts enough – doubts on clarity of definition. A question may be how to cross the boarders between different contexts? How can we make connections or maybe create communities between those different sectors: We have to use OER in a way that education does not stop after having finished „official“ degree related education;
Depending on the context, OER may be more or less valuable: Where educational material is difficult to get, OER may play a much higher role for education (e.g., in developing countries) than in contexts, where as well the access to high level resources as also a high level of education is common.


If we are using OER then the focus is no longer on information transmission but we shift the focus on training / learning ... 

OER can lead to reflective learning ... we are not reinventing learning

Conclusion:
OER: An artifact is also a symbol of a community as a connector
Openness: is not necessarily free ... „Openness is a concept of sharing and describes the access to resources, experiences, knowledge, and scenarios, but includes possible restrictions on thes usage of whatever is declared being open.“

OPAL
9:52am 9 November 2010


Breakout session
Seb, Etta, Steven, Susan, Hans, Goncola, Steven, Anna
-       Q – What opportunities do OER offer for education from your perspective?

Breakout session – group 1 – chaired by Anna-Kaarina

Key Points:

•       Context is Queen

•       OE goes much wider than the HE spheres, Represented by project partner

•       Reliability by social / trust / peer process

•       Dangers of generalisation eg the small country perspective (Estonia /Georgia)

•       The difference between OSS and OER development

•       Is “content push” a hegemonic push like ICT push?

•       Practices in relationship to use of Open ER are key. 

•       Biggest opportunity to screw up – Opal could stop this. 


Establish not just higher education – need broader understanding.
Reliability comes from people and the social aspect – rather than the institutional* repository – *factually correct but not as useful. 
Like a peer review / peer trust.
OER issues – can we save money in our provisions?  Can we improve the quality of what we do?  - open approach better than closed methods
Translation of software production to content production doesn’t always translate and is glossed over (Steven webber –The success of Open Resource)
What is the difference between open educational software and content resources ?
Example – Wikipidea – open content, changed and managed .. evolves. 
Its all very well having all this content but where are the communities that are going to use it .. develop it, distribute etc?
Need small group to say this is our framework, documentation?

(Hans) -Opportunities that Open Resources have 
        In small countries – do not have market for digital learning content
User generated content – will lead to other collaboration between teachers via smaller countries.
HE sites – OER/OEP help open up to universities that show outsiders the quality of material and teachers. 
        Progress for life long learning
 
(Susan) Not just push out the content with out the planning. 
(President of African university – “we don’t need this, we will create our own”) 
Universal library – use and responsibility  - underlies Wikipideia .. there are people who feel its their social/civil responsibility to update, input. 
Not just important on just producing materials but important how to use those materials. 
(Goncalo)Looking at value of providing those materials in the classroom – encourage to go outside as well. At cross roads as to use of not use open resources. 
Wikipedia compared to Britannica – some say behind some say in front. 
K12 – say go do research use Wikipedia, students bring print outs, don’t care, copy and paste etc etc teachers says great !
HE – say go do research – NOT use Wikipedia .
Having to educate teachers otherwise student turning up at university who do not know how to do proper research. 
(Anna) using lots of English material – issue how we use it and how the learners use it. Open education practices – sharing 
OER not always encouraged – A Project failed – many reasons, built around technology, funding stopped project stopped. 
(Etta) have to remember this is not really free content – someone is paid for putting these resources together. 
Becta resources – now no longer updated or available because no community to carry it on. Are we dependant on the good will, enthusiasm of the users to disseminate this?
Seb – more confident OER will work based on check list of issues – what country, whether your country is big or small, are people really interested in resource?  Rather than everyone needs everything 
Context is king  - not content

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