The Development of China's OER: Chinese Course of Excellence Project and Case Study
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10 November 2010
By Jia Yimin, South China Normal University (Chinese: 华南师范大学) (Pinyin: Huánán shīfàn dàxué)
OERs in Chinese Higher Education.
- OERs in China have strong social and cultural links (clarify).
- Initial focus was on constructing the resources.
- Focus shifted to sharing, use and sustainable development of OERs.
- Main aim for OER research is to explore the economical, legal and social system for sustainable use of OERs.
About year 2000, the Chinese evaluation of education - ? OERs not well developed in Higher Education, well developed in "amateur" education?
From 1990s, move from elite education to mass education (Yimin, Karen C!). But how to maintain quality?
2003-06 - main aim is to develop the OER resources. Similiar to world focus. Open to all Chinese Universities.
2007 onwards - the focus has moved to sharing, use, sustainable development. Still developing further course of course.
5 components of Chinese Higher Open Education, Zhao, G & Jian Z. (Construction...)
Open Standards and Licenses
Open Source software.
Main OER projects in Chinese H.E.
- * Some are for "general" use - eg. library resources.
- * Some are specifically for Chinese HE.
2 main OER projects in Chinese HE.
- China's "National Course of Excellence" project (Ministry of Education).
- Translation and collaboration around foreign OERs (ie. CORE).
- Translation of Excellence courses from Chinese into English.
"National Course of Excellence" project, started in 2003:
- Teaching innovation, use of ITC, quality.
- 3910 National Courses of Excellence, 6000 Provincial courses of excellence, 10K University-level courses of excellence.
- Undergraduate, post-graduate and professional college students.
- Disciplines: initiall some like science and engineering were not well represented; others like social sciences were over represented - now there is more balance.
- "Exemplifying the characteristics of first-class teaching team, (first-cass) content, teaching methodology, course materials and management." So, it encourages experienced professors to collaborate with younger, more junior academics.
- Method of selection: "Built by universities...", then University level selection, provincial level, then proposed (by city/province) as candidate for national-level selection.
- Copyright - "All universities and chair lecturers, when applying for the title of Course of Excellence, are considered to have agreed to grant a license to use the online content for non-commercial purposes..."
- Main challenges: lack of updated content, low rate of use and re-use, lack of follow-up funding, and intellectual property rights issues.
- Result of survey by research institute, authorised by Ministry: 86% of teachers who built the courses want to share.
- Teachers: T58% want to use online copyright license, 36% prefer publishing formally.
- 72% use it to obtain teaching resources, 55% to learn teaching practices, and 53% for teaching design.
- Teachers: 36% think the content is too simplified...
- (Survey A) 73% of students find out about the resources from teachers of fellow students, 46% from University web links, 29% from search engines.
- 71% influenced by resource quality and relevance, only 44% by the reputation of the lecturer (unexpected), and 39% by the reputation of the university (unexpected).
- Nearly 70% of teh students would like to share with peers...
- Survey Part B) Challenges when accessing: slow connection speed, some content cannot be read (wrong link),
- Challenges when sharing: accuracy, practicality, author's reputation, copyright.
- Method of communication: 61% via forums, 53% via message boards, 40% via blogs, 37% via QQ (instant messaging), 32% via email.
- More than 40% find re-editng/ re-using very difficult. Reasons: resource format, IT skills, irrelevant content..
(To be continued.)
14:37 on 10 November 2010
Yimin discovered OpenLearn in 2006! Exploring ties...
Yimin's experience: very exciting and interesting. Different ways of working... We've communicated with Yimin's Director by QQ, Flashmeeting...!
Quote: The philosopher Xun Zi said, "I hear and I forget, I see and I remember, I do and I understand".
FERC - ?
15:01 on 10 November 2010 (Edited 15:23 on 10 November 2010)