Reflection on the pedagogical patterns summit

Mike Spector, 8th Dec, Sydney

Cloud created by:

Gráinne Conole
8 December 2008

Edgar Dijkstra 1978
Computers have yet to solve a single problem they have only introduced the

new problem of learning to use them effectively –  from the Humble programmer
Parallels with learning design which is a new field: we don’t know how best to

proceed and so need to be open to where we go forward and how we develop further.

Cluster of concepts

  • Learning activity, engagement, inquiry, motivation
  • Communities of Practice
  • Sharing resources, artefacts etc
  • Tools and technologies
  • Pedagogical approaches
  • Generalised planning guidelines
  • Support and scaffolding
  • Teachers as designers – as experimenters
  • Feedback, reflective practice
  • Computational representations, pattern analysis


Less on:

  • Learning about changes
  • Assessment about detecting changes
  • Evaluation about efficiency of promoting desired changes
  • Developmental paths and patterns of teachers (as designers)


Relates to some key thinkers and other perspectives
Andy Gibbons – Brigham Young Univ.

Layered design, annotated design cases and mental model development
1.    Content layer
2.    Strategy layer
3.    Message layer
4.    Control layer
5.    Representation layer
6.    Media-logic layer
7.    Data management layer
Discourse changes at each of these different layer, need different scaffold and support

Reigelith and Carre-Chellman, 2009
Instructional approaches: Direct instruction, discussion approaches,experiential approaches

(PNL, stimulation based)

Elizabeth Boling Univ. of Indiana

Annotate design cases and have discourses around these – conversational repository

Norbert Seel, Freiburg

How people develop mental models over time

Milrad, Spector and Davidson, 2002

Model facilitated learning
1.    PBL, 2. Inquiry-based, 3, Policy based


Internal representations and language games

Wittgenstein

  • We picture facts to ourselves – we construct internal
  • representations of things we experience the mind plays an active role in
  • interpreting our experiences
  • The mind takes in data interprets it stores etc etc
  • We sometimes picture things to ourselves that are not facts

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