Richardus Eko Indrajit (ABFI Institute, Perbanas, Jakarta) - Developing the Open Education Ecosystem: based on the study of 350 higher learning institutions
Presentation from Cambridge 2012
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16 April 2012
Eko's keynote presentation ahs been brought forward from day 3 because the original speaker is unwell.
Universities in Indonesia are distributed unequally, meaning that opportunities are also distributed unequally. This is at least partly down to it being an archipelago; in smaller islands, fewer people are educated. There are also not enough professors and experts available to teach. Only 0.5% of universities are in the top category (world-class). Almost a third fail to meet minimum standards.
A new paradigm is emerging in learning, one that makes good use of information technologies. The proposed solution, based on 5C (competition, collaboration, compliance, comprehensive, coordination) principles:
* increase access
* share resources
* promote and enforce collaboration
* utilise technology
* institutionalise open educatyion as a national initiative
The Indonesian government has been buying (K12) IP and making it available on a general basis. Open architectures are also being developed. Universities remain responsible for their own innovation and assessment. 350 institutions are involved in research to uncover issues that are thrown up: people, process, content and tools.
Infrastructures in almost all universities are linked to a central IT service which avoids connectivity problems. However, investment, policies and incentives are lagging behind. Similarly, many professors lack IT skills, despite the fact that Web 2.0 is already integrated into Indonesian culture. SImilarly, many show a reluctance to share content, even though much of it is already digital. (Indonesia is moving towards measuring academic impact rhrough Google presence rather than other metrics.)
Indonesian culture relies on governmental decree as a driver for change, so there is a need for government to show leadership in this area. A roadshow travels the country to stimulate change in attitudes among faculty and students, encouraging them to be more open in teaching, learning and management.
Benefits include improving access and quality of education by making better use of resources. But Indonesia needs help in terms of developing open courses, collaborating in teaching and research, methods for transferring accreditation and earning study credits abroad, sharing learning resources and scholars.
Eko finished by sharing the way in which he learned English by listening to records (uncluding The Beatles) which his grandmother had given him... inventive use of a record as an OER?
In the Q&A Eko said that 20% of Indonesian expenditure is ring-fenced for education, with 25% of that going to higher education and the remainder going to primary and secondary education.