MON: Does personality affect our participation with the open environment? (Debbie Meakin)
Cloud created by:
Dr Simon Ball
13 February 2014
The characteristics of a person, or their behaviour may present barriers to accessing the online or open environment and this may also affect inclusion. Behaviour can also be referred to as ‘expression of personality’ which can be studied systematically through the five-factor model (FFM). A number of studies related to behaviour have been undertaken using FFM. FFM or the Big five have a psychological basis and are agreed as stable by researchers (McCrea and John, 1992). The Big 5 traits are extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism and openness to experience.
The Big five exist on a scale, eg for extroversion there are different levels so that introversion is at the other end of the scale. A series of questions can be used to identify a ‘dimension’ of personality and where on each of the five scales a person might be.
Studies which have investigated personality when working online include internet usage (Tsao 2013; Blumer and Doering, 2012) and shyness and anxiety (Scealy et al, 2002). The findings show that behaviour online does change, eg four of the personality dimensions were affected less when being online (or using computers) than offline (Blumer and Doering, 2012). Tsao (2013) found that openness is a positive factor online for entertainment, social relationships and communication.
Some of these situations studied for working online are similar to the open environment. In this study the FFM or Big five personality model is considered in relation to working in an open environment.
‘Big 5’ Personality Test Websites
Here are some of the websites that can give an online report of your Big 5 personality domains. You can give these a try, they all have slightly different questions and have different approaches.
This site asks you to answer the questions by comparing your answers someone you know well would give: www.outofservice.com/bigfive
This website gives a graph to compare your reading with: personality-testing.info/tests/BIG5.php
This website uses slightly different terms to the usual ones for the Big 5, but they are still there (Inquisitiveness (Openness), Orderliness (Conscientiousness), Accommodation (Agreeableness), Emotional stability (Neuroticism). Extroversion is still the same: similarminds.com
This website asks about 50 questions – its probably the same number as the other sites, but they are given a page at a time. You do get a sense of the scale (1 to 5) for the answers: psychcentral.com/personality-test
All the tests give a percentile reading, which means that your scores can be compared with others who have taken the questionnaire.
22:30 on 18 February 2014