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Pattern: Jigsaw and pyramid collaborative learning patterns

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The Cloudworks Team
17 June 2008

How do you group students for collaborative learning? All together in one big group, or in a number of small groups? Davinia Hernández Leo and colleagues suggest some imaginative alternatives. The ‘jigsaw’ pattern is suitable for complex divisible tasks. First, each student studies a sub-problem on their own. Then they work with other students who have been studying the same sub-problem, as an expert group. Finally, they work with students who have been studying other parts of the problem to develop a complete solution. The example they give is of forming a collaborative understanding of an academic paper, with each substantive section being a sub-problem. The ‘pyramid’ pattern is suitable for complex problems without an obvious concrete solution. Students first work on a solution individually, then in pairs or small groups, then in larger groups, and then all together, developing a an increasingly broad consensus on an agreed solution. The example they give is of proposing a computing system for a client with specific requirements. See pp. 77-79 ‘Jigsaw collaborative learning flow pattern’, and pp. 80- 82‘Pyramid collaborative learning flow pattern’ TELL Pattern Book

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Marie

Marie Arndt
14:08 on 10 February 2013

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