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The Development of China's OER: Chinese Course of Excellence Project and Case Study

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Nick Freear
10 November 2010

By Jia Yimin, South China Normal University (Chinese: 华南师范大学) (Pinyin: Huánán shīfàn dàxué)

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OERs in Chinese Higher Education.

  • OERs in China have strong social and cultural links (clarify).
  • Initial focus was on constructing the resources.
  • Focus shifted to sharing, use and sustainable development of OERs.
  • Main aim for OER research is to explore the economical, legal and social system for sustainable use of OERs.

About year 2000, the Chinese evaluation of education - ? OERs not well developed in Higher Education, well developed in "amateur" education?

From 1990s, move from elite education to mass education (Yimin, Karen C!). But how to maintain quality?

2003-06 - main aim is to develop the OER resources. Similiar to world focus. Open to all Chinese Universities.

2007 onwards - the focus has moved to sharing, use, sustainable development. Still developing further course of course.

5 components of Chinese Higher Open Education, Zhao, G & Jian Z. (Construction...)

Open Standards and Licenses

Open Source software.

Main OER projects in Chinese H.E.

  • * Some are for "general" use - eg. library resources.
  • * Some are specifically for Chinese HE.

2 main OER projects in Chinese HE.

  • China's "National Course of Excellence" project (Ministry of Education).
  • Translation and collaboration around foreign OERs (ie. CORE).
  •  Translation of Excellence courses from Chinese into English.

"National Course of Excellence" project, started in 2003:

  • Teaching innovation, use of ITC, quality.
  • 3910 National Courses of Excellence, 6000 Provincial courses of excellence, 10K University-level courses of excellence.
  • Undergraduate, post-graduate and professional college students.
  • Disciplines: initiall some like science and engineering were not well represented; others like social sciences were over represented - now there is more balance.
  • "Exemplifying  the characteristics of first-class teaching team, (first-cass) content, teaching methodology, course materials and management." So, it encourages experienced professors to collaborate with younger, more junior academics.
  • Method of selection: "Built by universities...", then University level selection, provincial level, then proposed (by city/province) as candidate for national-level selection.
  • Copyright - "All universities and chair lecturers, when applying for the title of Course of Excellence, are considered to have agreed to grant a license to use the online content for non-commercial purposes..."
  • Main challenges: lack of updated content, low rate of use and re-use, lack of follow-up funding, and intellectual property rights issues.
  • Result of survey by research institute, authorised by Ministry: 86% of teachers who built the courses want to share.
  • Teachers: T58% want to use online copyright license, 36% prefer publishing formally.
  • 72% use it to obtain teaching resources, 55% to learn teaching practices, and 53% for teaching design.
  • Teachers: 36% think the content is too simplified...
  • (Survey A) 73% of students find out about the resources from teachers of fellow students, 46% from University web links, 29% from search engines.
  • 71% influenced by resource quality and relevance, only 44% by the reputation of the lecturer (unexpected), and 39% by the reputation of the university (unexpected).
  • Nearly 70% of teh students would like to share with peers...
  • Survey Part B) Challenges when accessing: slow connection speed, some content cannot be read (wrong link),
  • Challenges when sharing: accuracy, practicality, author's reputation, copyright.
  • Method of communication: 61% via forums, 53% via message boards, 40% via blogs, 37% via QQ (instant messaging), 32% via email.
  • More than 40% find re-editng/ re-using very difficult. Reasons: resource format, IT skills, irrelevant content..

(To be continued.)


Nick Freear
14:37 on 10 November 2010

Yimin discovered OpenLearn in 2006! Exploring ties...

Yimin's experience: very exciting and interesting. Different ways of working... We've communicated with Yimin's Director by QQ, Flashmeeting...!

Quote: The philosopher Xun Zi said, "I hear and I forget, I see and I remember, I do and I understand".

FERC - ?


Nick Freear
15:01 on 10 November 2010 (Edited 15:23 on 10 November 2010)

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