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Live blog of Goodyear's talk on Pedagogial patterns

Goodyear's application of Alexander work on patterns in an educational context

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Gráinne Conole
8 December 2008

Core question: Can we apply notion of patterns to an educational context?

Solutions to problems

Articulation of recurrent patterns

Representation of a pattern:

Name, Context, Problem, Body - empirical background, evidence of validity, analysis, rationale, Solution, Embellishment

Goodyear provides the example of a WRAPPER pedagogical pattern:

Someone in a discussion group in a learner context who provides a 'wrapper role'

Begin by stating the problem and then providing a solution to it

Learning through discussion - pattern subsets

  • Group task patterns (eg buzzgroups)
  • Group composition patterns (eg conflicting opinions)
  • Role patterns (eg wrapper)
  • Media pattersn (eg synchronous chatroom)
  • Product patterns ( eg agreed text of resolution)
  • Assessment patterns (eg mixing peer and teacher assessment)

Patterns work: aims and character

  • Capturing worthwhile knowledge and experience through networks of structured texts
  • (pattern languages)
  • Balance usability and learnability
  • Action-orientated but with rationale, evidence, values (which can be inherited from
  • other patterms)
  • Open with respect to access and implementation - book, online tool, etc.
  • Private resource, (multidisciplinary) team resrouce, community resource
  • Not testhing the hunches but producing the things that has these qualities

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J. Michael Spector
10:55pm 9 December 2008


I think the similarities between architectural design and educational design are much weaker

than those between educational design and food planning and preparation. Recipes can and

are revisited based on outcomes perceived to result from prior recipes and experiences - and

the feedback cycle is closer in time and nature to what might exist with regard to educational

planning and preparation.

As such it might be useful to explore patterns in the context of food planning and preparation

as a way of developing a framework for educational planning patterns. Maybe. Just a thought.

Chris Jones
11:05pm 9 December 2008


I like the idea of using recipes as an analogy to learning. The product is less permanent and part of a wider process in an interesting way in that we eat for a variety of reasons, not only to feel fulll. Also we use recipes in a very flexible way, often ignoring aspects of the recipe.

My worry would be that the food analogy ignores the institutional setting that affects learning so much. The assessment of my cooking is low stakes whereas the assessment of my learningis part ofa high stakes and complex process of accrediting and warranting by an educational institution.

Gráinne Conole
11:28pm 9 December 2008


Yes I think the educational design/cooking design is a good analogy. Both require a mix of creativity and reflection on ‘lived’ experience. Use of recipes as either step by step procedures or simply as inspiration. Adaptation based on feedback during the cooking and eating process. Micheal Derntl did a nice presentation about this at Edmedia in terms
of creativity and efficiency in learning design (Slideshare presentation).

I think the architecture analogy is still relevant though. The architectural ‘vision’ vs. the pragmatic building plan (what windows, where, what materials etc)

Reference
EDMEDIA 2008: Derntl, M., Parrish, P., & Botturi, L. (2008). Beauty and Precision in Instructional Design. World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia & Telecommunications (ED-MEDIA 2008). Vienna, Austria. [nominated for Outstanding Paper Award]

Gráinne Conole
11:31pm 9 December 2008


Oh I dunno Chris – I think there is still the institutional context with the cooking analogy. What kind of environment am I cooking in what are its affordances, what materials do I have (in terms of ingredients, equipment, etc), what are the constraints – who am I cooking for, what do they like/dislike, what are the time limitations, etc.

J. Michael Spector
11:40pm 9 December 2008


The questions you mentioned resonate with both disciplines - food preparation as well

as educational design.

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